Prêmio da Melhor Publicação por um Estudante – Journal of Field Ornithology
A Associação de Ornitólogos de Campo providencia um prêmio para o melhor artigo publicado por um aluno em cada volume. Um comitê de oficiais da AFO e conselheiros irão julgar artigos com base na qualidade, relevância e impacto potencial da pesquisa. Para ser elegível para o prêmio, os autores devem ter os critérios listados abaixo. Os esforços de colaboração entre dois ou mais alunos podem se qualificarem para um prêmio conjunto. O orientador de pesquisa dos candidatos também deve confirmar que os critérios abaixo forem atendidos. O prêmio será anunciado durante a reunião anual da AFO e no Journal of Field Ornithology. O vencedor do prêmio será convidado a fazer uma apresentação especial de seu trabalho na próxima reunião anual, receberá 500 dólares para ajudar a cobrir os custos de viajar para a reunião, e a inscrição para o encontro será dispensada.
Para ser elegível para o prêmio:
- O autor principal do artigo deve ter sido aluno de graduação ou de Mestrado ou candidato a Ph.D. no momento em que os dados foram coletados e analisados e quando o primeiro rascunho do manuscrito foi escrito.
- Se o autor principal já concluiu o grau em que ele estava trabalhando ao fazer a pesquisa descrita no artigo, ele deve ter concluído esse grau não mais do que dois anos antes da data em que o manuscrito foi apresentado ao Journal of Field Ornithology.
- O autor principal/aluno deve ter desempenhado um papel significativo na coleta de dados, análise de dados e preparação do manuscrito.
Se o autor atender aos critérios acima e deseja ser considerado para o prêmio, deve preencher o formulário abaixo e enviá-lo, por e-mail, para: Dr. Diane Neudorf, presidente do Comitê do Prêmio da Melhor Publicação por um Estudante, em firstname.lastname@example.org. O orientador da pesquisa também deve enviar um e-mail separado para o presidente da comissão, confirmando que o requerente atende os critérios listados acima.
Ganhadores do prêmio
Dr. James F. Dwyer is the winner of the Best Student Publication Award for 2013. His paper, co-authored by Dr. James Fraser and Dr. Joan Morrison, is titled “Range sizes and habitat use of non-breeding Crested Caracaras in Florida” (JFO 84:223–233). The article included findings from Dwyer’s PhD research at Virginia Tech, conducted under the supervision of Dr. Fraser. The 58 radio-tagged non-breeders in their study ranged widely, made extensive use of pasture with cattle, and also used adjacent citrus groves, possibly as refugia from socially dominant conspecifics. Dr. Dwyer has been invited to present his research at AFO’s 2015 annual meeting.
Now a research scientist at EDM International, Dr. Dwyer works to develop and publish original research to facilitate environmentally responsible operation of electric utilities. His main focus is on minimizing avian electrocutions and collisions on overhead power structures. He also chairs the Raptor Research Foundation’s Scientific Committee.
This year’s Best Student Publication Committee included: Diane Neudorf (chair), Ethan Clotfelter, Gary Ritchison, Colleen Barber, Dan Cristol, and Dale Gawlik.
Dwyer, J. F., J. D. Fraser, and J. L. Morrison. 2013. Range sizes and habitat use of non-breeding Crested Caracaras in Florida. Journal of Field Ornithology 84(3):223-233. LINK.
The winner of the annual Best Student Publication Award in the Journal of Field Ornithology (JFO) for 2011 is Melissa Price, a recent Ph.D. graduate from Loma Linda University in California. Melissa’s winning paper was “Population status, habitat dependence, and reproductive ecology of Bahama Orioles: a critically endangered synanthropic species”, Journal of Field Ornithology 82:366-378.
One of the world’s rarest species, the Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi) is confined to three major islands collectively known as Andros, The Bahamas. The species is synanthropic, preferring to nest in urban residential areas. Very little was known about the ecology of this critically endangered species. Melissa set out to determine the population status, breeding ecology, and potential threats to the Bahama Oriole as part of her dissertation research. Her coauthors, were fellow graduate student Valerie Lee, and advisor William Hayes.
Through extensive surveys, Melissa and her colleagues estimated that the world population of these orioles at 141 to 254 individuals. They found that anthropogenic habitats were frequently used for nesting, but that the orioles preferred nesting locations with adjacent natural areas (coppice habitat). The birds used coppice habitat frequently during the nonbreeding season and for foraging during the breeding season.
Melissa and her colleagues determined that lethal yellowing disease of coconut palms, the orioles’ preferred nesting tree, and loss of natural coppice habitat were the biggest threats to the orioles. Brood parasitism by shiny cowbirds also had a negative impact.
JFO published many excellent student papers in 2011, but Melissa’s stood out in the thoroughness of the study and its significance in highlighting management priorities for this critically endangered species.
Price, M. R., V. A. Lee, and W. K. Hayes. 2011. Population status, habitat dependence, and reproductive ecology of Bahama Orioles: a critically endangered synanthropic species. Journal of Field Ornithology 81(4):366-378. LINK.
The winner 2010’s Best Student Publication Award in the Journal of Field Ornithology is Jared Wolfe, Ph.D. candidate, Louisiana State University. Jared’s winning paper was, “Using molt cycles to categorize the age of tropical birds: an integrative new system,” Journal of Field Ornithology 81(2):186-194.
Systems to differentiate age classes in birds are essential for investigating avian population dynamics. Age classification models, which largely depend on molt and plumage criteria, have long been available for temperate species. Unfortunately, these are of limited value in the tropics because they employ nomenclature that does not adequately account for the annual life-cycle events of tropical birds. Jared Wolfe, the winner of the 2010 JFO Best Student Publication Award, has proposed a method to resolve this problem. Together with his colleagues, Jared developed an approach to aging tropical birds that is based on identification of the molt cycle (as unknown, first, second, or definitive) and classification of plumage (as juvenal, formative, alternate, or supplemental). Use of this system to complement calendar-based models can help improve our understanding of avian population dynamics in both temperate and tropical regions. Jared’s coauthors were Thomas B. Ryder (Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center) and Peter Pyle (Institute for Bird Populations).
The high quality of student publications in the 81st volume of JFO made it difficult to select a winner. However, Jared’s article stood out for its clear composition, contribution to the advancement of field techniques, and potential to illuminate avian ecology and conservation opportunities. Jared, who has operated banding stations throughout the western hemisphere, is currently studying landscape genetics and demography of Amazonian birds in Brazil.
Wolfe, J. D., T. B. Ryder, and P. Pyle. 2010. Using molt cycles to categorize the age of tropical birds: an integrative new system. Journal of Field Ornithology 81(2):186-194. LINK.
The AFO is please to present the first-ever winners of the Best Student Publication Award to Lauren Rae and Greg Mitchell of the Department of Integrative Biology at the University of Guelph in Ontario. Their paper, from Volume 80, Issue 4, is entitled “Radio transmitters do not affect the body condition of Savannah Sparrows during the fall premigratory period.” The paper was coauthored by Robert Mauck, Christopher Guglielmo, and Ryan Norris.
Radio transmitters are now used widely in studies of avian field biology. Lauren, Greg, and their coworkers asked if transmitters had any adverse effect on the body condition of Savannah Sparrows. Their study was unique in that they monitored condition during the pre-migratory period when birds attempt to acquire substantial amounts of energy to fuel their upcoming migration. Moreover, they looked at the effect of transmitters not only on adults but also on juveniles, which, because of less inexperience foraging, may be more susceptible to the effects of carrying a transmitter.
Another particular strength of this study was that four different measures of body condition were evaluated, including mass, fat-free dry mass, pectoral muscle depth, and fat mass. After a sophisticated set of analyses, results suggested that radio transmitters had no detrimental effect on the condition of the sparrows.
Lauren completed this work as part of a Senior Honors Project while she was earning her Bachelor’s degree from the University of Guelph. She is currently finishing a Master’s degree in the Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology Program at Memorial University of Newfoundland. Her research now focuses on the impacts of moose on forest bird communities in Gros Morne National Park.
Greg is completing his Ph.D. at the University of Guelph, under the supervision of Ryan Norris and Chris Guglielmo (University of Western Ontario). He is investigating the links between breeding season events, condition, and migratory behavior in Savannah Sparrows of Kent Island, New Brunswick.
Judging this year’s Best Student Paper entries were Reed Bowman, Michael Lombardo, Ernesto Ruelas-Inzunza, L. Scott Johnson, and Kathryn Purcell.
Rae, L. F., G. W. Mitchell, R. A. Mauck, C. G. Guglielmo, and D. R. Norris. 2009. Radio transmitters do not affect the body condition of Savannah Sparrows during the fall premigratory period. Journal of Field Ornithology 80(4):419-426. LINK.